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Monroe, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Fairfield County
      County FIPS: 
    41°20′10″N 73°13′33″W
      Area total: 
    26.3 sq mi (68.1 km²)
      Area land: 
    26.1 sq mi (67.7 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.2 sq mi (0.5 km²)
    522 ft (159 m)
    1823; Incorporated 1823
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    721.3 residents per square mile of area (278.5/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Monroe is a town in eastern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 18,825 at the 2020 census. It is largely considered a bedroom community of New York City, New Haven, and Bridgeport. The community is named after James Monroe, fifth President of the U.S. The Pequonnock River begins in Monroe in Wolfe Park. Monroe borders Lake Zoar, a reservoir on the Housatonic River formed by the Stevenson Dam. The town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68 km²), of which 26.1 square miles is land and 0.52 km², or 0.76%, is water. Monroe is made up of several neighborhoods: East Village, Midtown, Monroe Center, North Central, Stepney Green, Upper Stepney, Whitney Farms, and West Stepney. Monroe Green, a private park bordered by churches and a private occult park, was founded in 1794 and located near the Stepney Cemetery. The Warren Museum of Occult Art has a collection of occult buildings and artifacts. It was founded by Warren Warren, a collector of occult artifacts, in 1805. The museum is located in Monroe Center and is a private museum. It has a private library and a museum of occult items, which is open to the public. It also has an art gallery, which was opened by Warren in 1807. The Monroe Museum of Art is located on the grounds of the Monroe Town Hall, a former home of James Monroe.


Monroe incorporated as a town in 1823. The community is named after James Monroe, fifth President of the United States. The town of Stratford was founded in 1656 and included the southern portion of present-day Monroe. In 1671, Stratford purchased from the Paugusset Indians the territory which included the remainder of the northern portions of Monroe, Trumbull and Shelton, in what is known as "The White Hills Purchase", and officially annexed it to the Township of Stratfords. In 1823, the town of Monroe was incorporated. The city of Monroe has a population of about 2,000. It is the largest city in the state of Connecticut, with a population in excess of 1,000 people. It was the site of the first recorded European contact with the U.S. in 17th century. The first European to visit the town was a Dutch trader, who arrived in 1662. The last European to arrive in the area was a Native American, the Golden Hill Paugussedett Indian Nation, who came in 1670. The village of Monroe is located on the banks of the Housatonic River, about 12 miles (19 km) inland from Long Island Sound. It has the largest population of any town in Connecticut, at about 1,200. The population of Monroe in 1825 was about 1.2 million. It had the highest rate of growth of any city in Connecticut in the 1820s and 1830s, with the growth of the town outpacing that of all other towns.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles (68 km²) Monroe borders Lake Zoar, a reservoir on the Housatonic River formed by the Stevenson Dam. The Pequonnock River begins in Monroe in Wolfe Park. Monroe is made up of several neighborhoods:East Village,Midtown,Monroe Center,North Central,Whitney Farms, and Stepney. The town is located in New Hampshire's Poughkeepsie-Chittenden County, and is part of the Dutchess-Pleasant Valley region of the New Hampshire D.C. Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has a population of 2,816. It is the second largest town in the state, after Schenectady, with a total population of 3,817. It was the first town to reach 2,000 in the early 1900s, and the first to reach 1,800 in the mid-20th century. Monroe's population was 2,715 in the late 1800s, when it was the second-largest city in the United States. Its population has grown to 2,917 in the 20th century, and it is the third-largest town in New England. It had a population in the 1950s and 1960s of 1,716. The city's population is 1,813. It also has a history dating back to the 18th century and is the oldest town in Massachusetts.


As of the 2020 U.S. Census, there were 18,825 people living in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 84.6% White, 2.4% African American,6.2% Asian, and 4.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 6.8% of the population. The town's population was 19,247 as of the census of 2000. The median income for a household in the city was $85,000 and $92,514 for a family. The per capita income for the town is $34,161. About 1.8%. of families and 2.6%. of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over are living below the poverty line. The city's population is 8,856. The population of the city is 9,854. The census of 2010 had a population of 18,852. It has a population density of 736.5 inhabitants per square mile (284.4/km²) The town has a median age of 38.5 years, and a median income of $92.514. The average household size is 2.96 and the average family size is 3.31. It is the only town in the state with more than 10,000 people in it, and has a high school graduation rate of 9.9%. The town is the largest city in the county with a student enrollment rate of 8,788. It also has the highest school enrollment rate.

Arts and culture

The town of Monroe features eleven houses of worship representing numerous faiths. The Warren's Occult Museum, a collection of occult artifacts, is located in Monroe Center. The town is home to the Classic Nights Car Club, a former venue for the car club's Classic Nights events. The Monroe Center Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places. The Town of Monroe has a population of about 3,000 people. It is located on the Connecticut River, which runs through the center of the town. The city's population is about 2,500 people, with the majority of the population living in the central part of the city. It also has a large percentage of residents who live outside the city limits of Monroe Center, which is the town's central business district. It has a small percentage of people who live in the suburbs, with most of the residents living near the city's northern and eastern borders. The community has a reputation for being a friendly place to live. It was founded in 1794 and is located near the Stepney Green, a private park bordered by churches and municipal buildings. In the early 1900s, the town was the site of the Fairfield County Fair, which was held every year from May to October. The fair was the first in the U.S. to be open to non-members of the United States. The Fairfield Fair was the last in the state to open in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and the first to open its doors in the 1970s.


Monroe is a stalwart Republican town at the presidential level with the longest streak of supporting the GOP in Fairfield County. No Democrat has won the town in over 60 years. Lyndon B. Johnson came the closest in his landslide victory in 1964, having lost the town by only 17 votes to Barry M. Goldwater. The town is located on the banks of the Ohio River. It has a population of around 4,000. It is one of the most Republican towns in the state. It was the site of the Republican National Convention in 1968. The Republican National Committee has been in Monroe since the 1950s and has been there ever since. It also has been home to the U.S. House of Representatives since the 1960s and the Senate since the 1970s. The city is located near the town of Monroe, New York, which is located in the eastern part of the state and is part of New York County. It's located on Interstate 70, which runs through Monroe and into New York City, as well as the New Jersey Turnpike and New York State. The county is home to some of the country's most affluent areas, including New Jersey, Connecticut, and Long Island. The area is also home to a large number of college and university campuses, many of which are located in Monroe and the nearby town of Fairfield, New Jersey. The state's largest employer is the University of New Hampshire, which has a student population of more than 1,000,000 people.


Monroe Public Schools oversees public education and includes approximately 4,000 students. In 2011, STEM Academy was opened at Masuk High School as an additional middle school option for Monroe's 6th, 7th, and 8th graders. Chalk Hill Middle School was the home of Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown following the December 14, 2012 shooting. Monroe has three elementary schools (Fawn Hollow, Monroe Elementary, and Stepney Elementary), two middle schools (Jockey Hollow and STEM Academy), and one high school (Masuk high School). The school district also has two high schools: Monroe High School and Jockey Hollow High School. The district has one middle school (Chalk Hill) that was closed in 2011 due to shifting population and budget issues. The high school has one school that is open to all students, Monroe High. The school also has one elementary school (Stepney Elementary) and two middle school(Jockeyollow) schools. The public school district has three high schools, including Monroe High and Masuk high. It also has a middle school/high school that was opened in 2011. It has two elementary schools, Fawn Hollow Elementary and Monroe Elementary. The elementary school has three middle schools, Jockeyollow Elementary, Stepney elementary, and Monroe Middle. The middle school has a high school that opened in 2012. It is the only public school in the district to have two middle and high schools. It was also the first public high school to open in the state of New Hampshire.


Connecticut Route 25, Main Street, runs across Monroe from Upper Stepney to the Trumbull town line. Connecticut Route 34 runs through the northern (Stevenson) section of Monroe. The Housatonic Railway Trail is an approximately five-mile section of the scenic walking and biking Pequonnock River trail that runs from Great Hollow Lake in Wolfe Park through the Newtown Town line. The Monroe Parks and Recreation Department manages Monroe's parks. Monroe is served by the Monroe Volunteer Emergency Medical Service, founded 1977. The town has three independent and all-volunteer fire departments operating out of six fire stations. Monroe has a public pool, four baseball fields, a football field, a basketball court, a playground, and a hiking trail that leads to Great Hollow lake. Monroe also has the only Ladder Company in the Town of Monroe, which was established in 1923. In 1916, 45 men and women formed the first volunteer fire company in Monroe, the Stepney Volunteer Fire Company, which built its own firehouse, which housed their first fire truck. In 1923, the stepney company built its first firehouse and Ladder company, which is the only fire department in Monroe. Monroe's police department was officially organized in 1952, and operates out of Monroe Town Hall. There is a public library, a post office, a bowling alley, and several bowling alleys in the town. There are no casinos or night clubs in Monroe; the town has no night clubs.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut = 7.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 32. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Monroe = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 18,825 individuals with a median age of 39.8 age the population grows by 0.51% in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 721.3 residents per square mile of area (278.5/km²). There are average 2.92 people per household in the 6,610 households with an average household income of $109,747 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.70% of the available work force and has dropped -3.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.82%. The number of physicians in Monroe per 100,000 population = 301.6.


The annual rainfall in Monroe = 51.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 122. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 206. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 20.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 91.08%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $367,980 and home appreciation of 0.14%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.56 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $9,228 per student. There are 14.9 students for each teacher in the school, 329 students for each Librarian and 387 students for each Counselor. 7.90% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 25.02% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 16.45% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Monroe's population in Fairfield County, Connecticut of 1,043 residents in 1900 has increased 18,05-fold to 18,825 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.62% female residents and 49.38% male residents live in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 29.94% are single population.

  • 33.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Monroe require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    89.29% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 4.09% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.93% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.09% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut, 91.08% are owner-occupied homes, another 6.51% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.41% are vacant.

  • The 67.16% of the population in Monroe, Fairfield County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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