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  •   State: 
    Hartford County
      County FIPS: 
    41°46′31″N 72°31′27″W
      Area total: 
    27.7 sq mi (71.7 km²)
      Area land: 
    27.3 sq mi (70.6 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.4 sq mi (1.1 km²)
    272 ft ((at Town Hall) 82.9 m)
    1672; Incorporated 1823
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,191 residents per square mile of area (845.8/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Manchester is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2020 census, the town had a total population of 59,713. The urban center of the town is the Manchester census-designated place, with a population of 36,379. The town is named after Manchester, in England. The area known as Manchester began its recorded history as the camping grounds of a small band of peaceful Native Americans known as the Podunk tribe. In 1783, East Hartford became a separate town, which included Manchester in its city limits until 1823. The Pitkin Glassworks operated from 1783 to 1830 as the first successful glassworks in Connecticut. In 1838, the Cheney family started what became the world's largest silk mill. The mills, houses of the owners, and homes of the workers are now part of the Cheney Brothers Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. According to the United States Census Bureau, theTown has a total area of 27.7 square miles (71.7 km²), of which 27.4 square miles of land is land and 0.27 sq miles (0.7km²) of water. The Manchester census designated place consists of the urban center and has atotal area of 6.5 square miles. (16.8 km²) or about 23% of the Town's total area. 6.4 square miles (16 7 km 2) of the CDP is land, and0.039 square miles (0.1 km²), or 0.56%.


Manchester began its recorded history as the camping grounds of a small band of peaceful Native Americans known as the Podunk tribe. The area was settled by colonists around 1673, some 40 years after Thomas Hooker led a group of Puritans from Massachusetts Bay Colony to found Hartford. In 1783, East Hartford became a separate town, which included Manchester in its city limits until 1823. The Pitkin Glassworks operated from 1783 to 1830 as the first successful glassworks in Connecticut. In 1838, the Cheney family started what became the world's largest silk mill. The mills, houses of the owners, and homes of the workers are now part of the Cheney Brothers Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. Also of note are the E.E. Hilliard Company Woolen Mills. Founded ca. 1780 by Aaron Buckland and later sold to the Hilliard family, the Hillard Mills are the oldest woolen mill site in the country. The many rivers and brooks provided power for paper, lumber, and textile industries, and the town quickly evolved into an industrial center. The town of Hartford once included the land now occupied by the towns of Manchester,East Hartford, and West Hartford. It was once known just as Orford Parish, a name that can still be found on the memorial to the Revolutionary soldiers from the town. The manufacturing presence in the town made Manchester an ideal industrial community. It is now one of the fastest-growing towns in the United States.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.7 square miles (71.7 km²) The Manchester census-designated place consists of the urban center of the town. 6.4 square miles of the CDP is land, and 0.039square miles (0.1 km²), or 0.56%, is water. The town's total area is 27.6 square miles, or 71.0 km², with 6.5 square miles or 16.8 km² of that area as land. The CDP has a population of 6.3 square miles and has a land area of 23.8 square miles. It is the largest CDP in the state, with a total land mass of 71.7 sq miles (70.0 sq km²). The town is located in New Hampshire's Pecos County, and is located near the New Hampshire Turnpike, which runs through the town of Manchester. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the town's area to be 27.2 square miles ($71.3 km²): 27.4 sq miles of land, or71.0km². The city's population is 6.2 million (223,000 people) and its land area is 71.2sq miles (233,000 km²); 0.27 square miles is water, or 1.00% of the area. The population of Manchester, New Hampshire, as of the 2010 Census was 6.1 million (225,000 residents).


As of the census of 2000, there were 54,740 people, 23,197 households, and 14,010 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,008.2 inhabitants per square mile (775.4/km²). There were 24,256 housing units at an average density of 889.9 per squaremile (343.6/ km²) The racial makeup of the town was 82.77% White, 8.42% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.15% Asian, 0,03% Pacific Islander, 3,12% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.54% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $49,426, and $58,769 for a family. The per capita income for the town is $25,989. About 6.0% of families and 8.0%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 7.7. of those age 65 or over. The town is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers's National Defense Training Area. It is home to the Army’s 7th Army District, which is responsible for the training of thousands of soldiers and sailors. The Army has one of the largest training centers in the country, with more than 3,000 troops stationed in the area.


Manchester was a center of the American silk industry from the late 19th century to the mid-20th century. Top employers are the Town of Manchester, the Board of Education, Eastern Connecticut Health Network, Inc., and Allied Printing. The town is home to The Shoppes at Buckland Hills, as well as Shady Glen, a restaurant recognized by the James Beard Foundation in 2012 as an American classic. The median rent between 2013-2017 was $1,181, higher than both the county and state medians. The total revenue, as of 2017, of $202,901,000, with total expenditures of $199 million, including $133 million towards education. The top employing industries are retail trade, health care and social assistance, manufacturing, and government; and the top employers are  the Town of Manchester,  The Board of Education, and Allied Printing and The Shoppes at Buckland Hills, as well as the Cheney Brothers Historic District, which includes museums and a restaurant named as an "American classic by the James Beard Foundation in 2012. The average household income in the town is $56,816, with the average income for a family of four in Manchester being $52,838. The city's median household income is $58,822, with an average income of $57,819.

Arts and culture

Manchester hosts four museums. The Fire Museum is housed in a restored 1901 firehouse building. The Oak Grove Nature Center is a nature preserve with rivers, ponds, and hiking trails. Charter Oak Park, located in downtown, is popular for basketball, softball, and tennis. The annual auto show Cruisin' on Main Street is held every August. It is one of the largest shows of its kind in the northeast, showcasing over 14,000 vintage and rare vehicles and attracting over 400,000 visitors since its inception in 2001. The city is home to the second-oldest operating pipe band in the United States, the Manchester Pipe Band, a grade 2 pipe band, which was founded in 1914. The Manchester Symphony Orchestra and Chorale has been performing and educating youths in music in the community since 1960. The Little Theater of Manchester, a 60 year old community theater group, is based in Cheney Hall, the home of the Cheney Homestead Museum and the one-room Keeney Schoolhouse dating from 1751. The City of Manchester has a strong tradition of preserving and preserving historic buildings and landmarks. It also has a long history of providing opportunities for young people to learn about the arts and culture of the city and the surrounding area. It has a reputation for being a great place to live and raise a family, with a population of around 10,000 people in the 2010 census. The town has a history of hosting the U.S. Open and the New England International Exposition, which is held annually in New Hampshire.


Manchester Country Club opened in 1917 and was originally designed by Tom Bendelow and Deveroux Emmet. The golf course features a classical New England design and holds an annual open tournament. The Manchester Road Race, a 4.748 mile footrace which is held every Thanksgiving morning, is the second most popular race in New England, behind the Boston Marathon. The race was first run in 1927, and benefits muscular dystrophy research as well as over a dozen other charities.The Manchester Silkworms, named for the town's storied past as a silk producer and the world's largest silk mill, were a collegiate summer baseball team founded in 2000. Several former players continued their career to the major leagues, including former Red Sox catcher and veteran Ryan Lavarnway. The team relocated to Laconia, New Hampshire after the 2009 season and are now known as the Manchester Red Sox. The town is home to the New England Patriots, the New York Yankees, the Boston Red Sox, and the St. Louis Cardinals. It is also home to a number of professional sports teams, including the Boston Celtics, New York Rangers, and New York Knicks. The city is also the home of the University of New Hampshire, where the football team is known as The Red Devils. The University of Massachusetts at Amherst has a football team that is one of the top teams in the state. The football team won the NCAA Division I championship in 2010. The school also has a women's team, which won the national championship in 2011.

Government and politics

The town was governed in the old New England tradition of town meeting until 1907. In the mid-twentieth century, Manchester adopted a new charter constituting a council-manager government that is still in use today. The legislative function is performed by a bipartisan Board of Directors consisting of nine board members, who are elected biennially for two year terms. Manchester is part of Connecticut's 1st congressional district and is represented in the House of Representatives by John Larson, and in the U.S. Senate by Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy. The town is home to the Connecticut State Senate, which is represented by Steve Cassano (D-4) and Jason Rojas (D-9), and the Connecticut House of Reps, represented by Jeffrey Currey, Geoff Luxenberg, and Jason Doucette. The mayor of Manchester is elected from its membership for the two year term, and also appoints the General Manager. Manchester has a population of about 2,000 people. It is located on the Connecticut Turnpike, which runs from New Haven to Hartford. It has a post office with a ZIP code of 7053. It also has a bus station with a postcode of 8054. It was founded in 1838. It became a town in 1841. It had its first post office in 1842. It opened in 1852. It closed in 1854. It reopened in 1876. It still has its own post office, which was established in 1872.


Manchester Community College, a two-year community college, is located in Manchester. Manchester's public schools are located in the city's traditional district schools. Manchester has a number of private schools and magnet schools. The city also has a high school, a middle school, and a magnet school. The school district also has two high schools, a technical high school and a private high school. It also has several elementary schools and a pre-K-8 school.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut = 17.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 11. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Manchester = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 10,785 individuals with a median age of 38.8 age the population grows by 2.62% in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,191 residents per square mile of area (845.8/km²). There are average 2.29 people per household in the 24,102 households with an average household income of $61,593 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.20% of the available work force and has dropped -3.69% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.42%. The number of physicians in Manchester per 100,000 population = 291.3.


The annual rainfall in Manchester = 41 inches and the annual snowfall = 31.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 190. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 52, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 52.74%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 46 years with median home cost = $172,460 and home appreciation of -3.37%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.40 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,179 per student. There are 14.6 students for each teacher in the school, 371 students for each Librarian and 389 students for each Counselor. 8.58% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.46% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.82% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Manchester's population in Hartford County, Connecticut of 10,601 residents in 1900 has increased 1,02-fold to 10,785 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.92% female residents and 48.08% male residents live in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 47.73% are single population.

  • 23 minutes is the average time that residents in Manchester require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.01% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.36% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.85% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.25% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut, 52.74% are owner-occupied homes, another 42.39% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.87% are vacant.

  • The 54.99% of the population in Manchester, Hartford County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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