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South Windsor

South Windsor, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Connecticut
      County: 
    Hartford County
      City: 
    South Windsor
      County FIPS: 
    09003
      Coordinates: 
    41°49′56″N 72°34′11″W
      Area total: 
    28.7 sq mi (74.3 km²)
      Area land: 
    28.1 sq mi (72.7 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.6 sq mi (1.6 km²)
      Elevation: 
    72 ft (22 m)
      Established: 
    1652; Settled 1652; Incorporated September 3, 1845
  •   Latitude: 
    41,832
      Longitude: 
    -72,5578
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    06074
      GMAP: 

    South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
    3,912
      Population density: 
    940 residents per square mile of area (360/km²)
      Household income: 
    $93,528
      Households: 
    9,583
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.00%

South Windsor is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 26,918 at the 2020 census. In 1659, Thomas Burnham purchased the tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and East Hartford from Tantinomo, chief sachem of the Podunk Indians. In 1768, the residents of the area were allowed to incorporate as the separate town of East Windsor, though the area was informally referred to as East Windsor before this time. Tobacco has been a major crop grown in South Windsor since its founding. In the early 1990s, residents mobilized a successful campaign against a proposed nuclear waste dump located near the East Windsor town line. The town has become less and less agricultural and rural since 1950. This former farming community has been transformed into a suburban town with industrial and commercial districts. In 2000, there were 24,412 people, 8,905 households, and 6,767 families residing in the town. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.7 square miles (74.3 km²), of which 28.1 sq miles (72.7 km²) is land and 0.62sq miles (1.6km²), or 2.12%, is water. In 1845, South Windsor incorporated as a separate town. Ulysses S. Grant stayed at a home on Main Street, where the namesake of the town's middle school is buried in a cemetery located on this street.

History

In 1659, Thomas Burnham (1617-1688) purchased the tract of land now covered by the towns of South Windsor and East Hartford from Tantinomo, chief sachem of the Podunk Indians. In 1768, the residents of the area were allowed to incorporate as the separate town of East Windsor, though the area was informally referred to as East Windsor before this time. The town has become less and less agricultural and rural since 1950. Tobacco has been a major crop grown in South Windsor since its founding. In the early 1990s, residents mobilized a successful campaign against a proposed nuclear waste dump located near the East Windsor town line. Ulysses S. Grant stayed at a home on the street. In 1698, Timothy Edwards became the first minister for the settlers on the east side of the river, and his church was built on Main Street (in present-day South Windsor) His son, theologian Jonathan Edwards, was born in SouthWindsor (at the time still part of Windsor) In 1786, Ellington became an independent town, and South Windsor incorporated as a separate town in 1845. In 1950, the town's population more than tripled between 1950 and 2000. The former farming community has been transformed into a suburban town with industrial and commercial districts. The Wood Memorial Library & Museum and Ellsworth School are located on the center of the historical district. The name of the middle school is after Timothy Edwards, who is buried in a cemetery located on this street.

On the National Register of Historic Places

East Windsor Hill Historic District Roughly bounded by the Scantic River, John Fitch Boulevard, Sullivan Avenue, and the Connecticut River. Elmore Houses 78 and 87 Long Hill Road, added in 1985. Windsor Farms Historic District  Roughly. bounded by Strong Road, U.S. Route 5, Interstate 291, and the Connecticut river. added in 1986. The East Windsor Hill and Windsor Farms Historic districts were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. The Windsor Farms historic district was added in 1988. The Elmore House Historic District was listed on the N.R.P.L. list in 1989. It was added again in 1991. The West Windsor Hill Historical District was added to N.N.H.C. listings in 1994. It is on the list of historic districts in the town of Windsor Hill, Connecticut. It has been added to both the National and State N.D. listings. It also has been listed in the New York City listings. it has been included in the Washington, D.C., and New Jersey listings. The Connecticut River Historic District is listed as part of the West Windsor Hills Historic District, which is also on the National register of historic places. It dates back to the early 20th century and is located in the East Windsor Hills neighborhood of the town. It includes the historic homes of Elmore, which were built in the 1930s and 1940s. The historic district also includes the Elmore houses, which are still in use today.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.7 square miles (74.3 km²) of which 28.1square miles (72.7 km²), or 2.12%, is land. The town's population was 1,788 at the 2010 census. The population of the town is 1,856 at the 2011 census. It has a population of 1,638. The area has an area of 1.6km², or 0.62sq miles (1.6sq km²). The town has an elevation of 2,639.5 square miles (7,839.7 sq km) and a area of 1.7km² (2,739.2 square miles) (2.12% of its area is land) The town is located on the Mississippi River, which flows through the town. It is the only town in the state to be named after a Native American tribe. It was named after the town's founder, who was born in the area in the 18th century. It also is known as the site of the first settlement in the region, in 17th century, when the town was first settled. The current mayor is the son of an early settler, who moved to the area after the first European contact with the Americans in the mid-1800s. He is a former member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 24,412 people, 8,905 households, and 6,767 families residing in the town. The population density was 873.1 inhabitants per square mile (337.1/km²) The racial makeup of the town was 85.95% White, 2% African American, 0.18% Native American, 3.71% Asian,0.03% Pacific Islander, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.27% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $73,990, and $82,807 for a family. The per capita income for the town is $30,966. About 1.5% of families and 1.8% of those under the age of 18 were below the poverty line, including 0.8 of those under age 18 and 4.6  of those age 65 or over. The town is located on the U.S. Turnpike, which runs through the center of the city. The turnpike is one of the busiest roads in the state. It was built in the late 1800s and early 1900s as a way to connect the town to the rest of the state and to the East Coast. It is now part of the New York City Metropolitan Statistical Area, which covers the eastern half of New York state. The city is home to the New England Museum.

Economy

Top employers in South Windsor according to the town's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. South Windsor is home to more than 1,000 businesses. The town's economy is one of the fastest growing in the state. The city has a population of more than 100,000 people. The unemployment rate is 3.7 per cent, according to South Windsor's employment report. The U.S. economy is the third largest in the country, with an unemployment rate of 3.8 per cent. The economy is expected to grow by 2.4 per cent in the next three years. The state's economy will grow by 1.9 per cent over the next five years, the report says. The growth rate is the fastest in the province since the mid-'90s, the city's employment data show. The economic growth rate in the town is the highest in the city since the late-'70s. The number of jobs is up by 2 per cent since the start of the year. The population has grown by 4.1 per cent from 2013 to 2014, the town’s employment report shows. In the past three years, South Windsor has had the highest percentage growth in employment among women. The rate of growth among women has been the highest since the early '90s. In 2013, the unemployment rate was 3.6 per cent; in 2014, it was 4.2 per cent and in 2015, it reached 4.3 per cent for the first time since the city had a female-dominated workforce.

Education

Children attending the elementary school level (Kindergarten through Grade 5) at one of four elementary schools: Pleasant Valley, Orchard Hill, Philip R. Smith, and Eli Terry. After graduating from elementary school, students then move on to Timothy Edwards Middle School, for grades 68. They then finish up their schooling at South Windsor High School. Over 140 students in the 2004, 2005, and 2006 classes have been admitted to the University of Connecticut in Storrs. The school is now used by the local recreation department, instead of previously running as a school.

Government and politics

South Windsor is governed by a council-manager form of government. The leader of the council is designated as the mayor, with a deputy mayor also chosen from amongst the council. The town council holds its elections every two years, on odd-numbered years. Each party nominates only up to six candidates for the nine town council positions (which are all at-large) The top nine vote-getters win seats on the town council; as a result the council always has a 54 or 63 majority (assuming only two parties are participating), ensuring representation of the minority party. The council manager is appointed by the council and the deputy mayor is chosen from among the council, with the mayor being the mayor's deputy. South Windsor has a population of 1.2 million. The city is located on the banks of the River Thames, which runs through the centre of the city. It is the largest city in the South West of England, with an estimated population of 2.3 million. It also has the highest per-capita income in the UK, at around £1.6 million. SouthWindsor has the second highest per capita income in England, after London. It has the third highest per centage of the UK population, behind London and the City of London. The population is also the highest in England and Wales, with more than half of the population living in the south-east. The average age of the town's residents is 43 years old, and the average life expectancy is 67 years.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut = 17.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 11. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in South Windsor = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 3,912 individuals with a median age of 40.9 age the population grows by 6.98% in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 940 residents per square mile of area (360/km²). There are average 2.7 people per household in the 9,583 households with an average household income of $93,528 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.70% of the available work force and has dropped -3.69% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.92%. The number of physicians in South Windsor per 100,000 population = 291.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in South Windsor = 41 inches and the annual snowfall = 31.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 190. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 52, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 87.65%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $235,820 and home appreciation of -4.51%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.40 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,018 per student. There are 16.2 students for each teacher in the school, 503 students for each Librarian and 419 students for each Counselor. 6.91% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 25.49% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 16.35% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • South Windsor's population in Hartford County, Connecticut of 16,204 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,24-fold to 3,912 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.77% female residents and 48.23% male residents live in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 36.13% are single population.

  • 24.7 minutes is the average time that residents in South Windsor require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    88.31% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.77% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.24% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.62% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, 87.65% are owner-occupied homes, another 10.36% are rented apartments, and the remaining 1.98% are vacant.

  • The 54.99% of the population in South Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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