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City of Tupelo

  •   State: 
    Lee County
      County FIPS: 
    34°15′35″N 88°43′33″W
      Area total: 
    64.68 sq mi
      Area land: 
    64.38 sq mi (166.75 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.30 sq mi (0.78 km²)
    279 ft (85 m)
    1870; Incorporated July 20, 1870 (153 years ago) ( 1870-07-20 )
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Tupelo, MS
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    589.02 residents per square mile of area (227.42/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Tupelo is a city in Lee County, Mississippi, United States. It is the sixth-largest city in Mississippi and is considered a commercial, industrial, and cultural hub of North Mississippi. The city is home to multiple art and cultural institutions, including the Elvis Presley Birthplace and the 10,000-seat Cadence Bank Arena, the largest multipurpose indoor arena in Mississippi. Tupelo is the smallest city in the United States that is the headquarters of more than one bank with over $10 billion in assets. The Tupelo micropolitian area contains Lee, Itawamba, and Pontotoc counties and had a population of 140,081 in 2017. In the early years of settlement, European-Americans named this town "Gum Pond", supposedly due to its numerous tupelo trees, known locally as "blackgum". The city still hosts the annual Gumtree Arts Festival. During the Civil War, Union and Confederate forces fought in the area in 1864 in the Battle of Tupelo or battle of oldtown Creek. On February 7, 1934, Tupelo became the first city to receive power from the Tennessee Valley Authority, thus giving it the nickname "The First TVA City" Much of the city was devastated by a major tornado in 1936 that still ranks as one of the deadliest tornadoes in American history. The last known bank robbery by a Prohibition-era gangster took place on November 30, 1932, at the Tupelo State Bank.


French and British traded with indigenous peoples and tried to form alliances with them. On May 26, 1736, the Battle of Ackia was fought near the site of present-day Tupelo. During the Civil War, Union and Confederate forces fought in the area in 1864. In the early twentieth century the town had become a site of cotton textile mills, which provided new jobs for residents of the rural area. Temple B'nai Israel was established in Tupelo in 1939. In 2007, the town was selected as the site for Toyota's 11th U.S. automobile manufacturing plant. In 2013, the Tupelo Police Department officer who died in a bank robbery was possibly the first officer killed in the line of duty in the city's history. President Donald Trump visited Tupelo twice in 2018 and 2019, and held a campaign rally for Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith on November 26, 2018. Nearly one year later, the president returned to Tupelo to hold another rally for Governor Tate Reeves (this time at the BancorpSouth Arena) on November 1, 2019. The city still hosts the annual Gumtree Arts Festival, which is held every year in late November and early December. It is located on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, near the junction of the Mississippi River and the Alabama River. The town is home to the National Park Service's Tupelo National Battlefield, which commemorates another American Civil War battle, the battle of oldtown Creek. It was incorporated in 1870 and named after the battle, in honor of the battle.


Tupelo has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification); it is part of USDA hardiness zone 7b. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 43.4 °F (6.3 °C) in January to 82.3°F (27.9 °F) in July. The rainiest calendar day on record is March 21, 1955 when 9.40 inches (239 mm) of rain fell; monthly precipitation has ranged from trace amounts in August 1983 to 19.89 inches (505 mm) in December 1982. On average, December is the single wettest month, and February through May are also especially wet; September and October are the driest months. Snow is uncommon, with many years receiving trace amounts or no snowfall at all, and normal (1981-2010) winter snowfall stands at 2.1 inches (5.3 cm) The most snow in one calendar day was 8.0 inches (20 cm) on January 24, 1940, contributing to the 9.2 inches (23 cm) that fell that month. The snowiest on record was 193536 with 14.8 inches (38 cm) in snowfall. The city has a total area of 51.4 square miles (133 km²), of which 51.1 sq miles (132 km²) is land and 0.3sq miles (0.78 km²%) is water. It is located midway between Memphis, Tennessee and Birmingham, Alabama (northwest).


As of the 2020 U.S. Census, there were 37,923 people, 14,751 households, and 9,648 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 58.7% White, 36.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 2.01% Pacific Islander, and 1.4% from two or more races. 3.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.08. The median income for a household in theCity was $39,415. The poverty rate was 20%. The city has a population of 35,456 people, with 13,395 households and 8,965 families. The city's population is 35,457 people, and 13,602 households, with 8, 965 families, as of the census of 2010. It has a poverty rate of 20%. It is the largest city in the state with a population exceeding 30,000 people. It is also the second-largest city in New Jersey, behind New Jersey City. The population of New Jersey is 31,000, and the population of the state is 25,000. It also has the third-largest population in the United States, after New Jersey and New York City. It was the fourth-largest state in the nation in terms of population in 2007-2011, after California and New Jersey.


Historically, Tupelo served as a regional transportation hub, primarily due to its location at a railroad intersection. More recently, it has developed as strong tourism and hospitality sector based around the Elvis Presley birthplace and Natchez Trace. The city has also been successful at attracting manufacturing, retail and distribution operations. Tupelo is the smallest U.S. city that hosts the headquarters of more than one bank with over $10 billion in assets. It is home to the North Mississippi Medical Center, the largest non-metropolitan hospital in the United States. The headquarters of two large banking institutions are located here: BancorpSouth, with approximately nearly $18 billion in. assets (2019), and Renasant Bank, with assets of over $12.7 billion (2019) The city is a five-time "All-America City Award" winner. It has a large furniture manufacturing industry. In 1963, Ralph J. Roberts, along with Daniel Aaron and Julian A. Brodsky purchased American Cable Systems, a small cable operator in Tupelo. American Cable was re-incorporated in Pennsylvania as Comcast. In 2013, the city was awarded the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in 2006 and 2012 for its quality of care at the medical center. The medical center was a winner of the prestigious Malcom Baldriges National Quality Awards in 2005, 2006, and 2012. It serves people in North Mississippi, northwest Alabama, and portions of Tennessee. It employs more than 22,000 people, with a $732 million annual payroll.

Arts and culture

Tupelo is the headquarters of the historic Natchez Trace Parkway. It is home to a large American bison herd and exotic animals like Emu, Pythons, and Zedonks. The Tupelo Automobile Museum was one of the largest of its type in North America. Elvis Presley returned to Tupelo for a concert at the Mississippi-Alabama State Fair & Dairy Show in June 1956. The documentary film The Homecoming: Tupelo Welcomes Elvis Home premiered at the 2006 festival. The Lee County Library, located in downtown Tupelo, has an annual lecture series featuring nationally known authors. Taylor Swift mentioned the town in her song "dorothea". The town is serviced by the Lee-Itawamba Library System, which has a genealogy room dedicated to genealogy research. The town has a population of about 3,000 people, the majority of whom live in Tupelo or nearby communities. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which runs through the center of the town. The Mississippi River runs through Tupelo and into the Alabama state line. The state line connects Tupelo with Nashville, Tennessee, and the Alabama-Tennessee line runs through Yazoo County, where Tupelo is on the Alabama/Mississippi border. It also connects the Mississippi Gulf Coast with the Alabama Gulf Coast, where the Mississippi/Tennessee state line runs from the Alabama coast to the Alabama mid-state border. The river runs through a region known as the Mississippi Delta, which includes the towns of Corinth, Hattiesburg, and Grenada.


Tupelo's current mayor is Todd Jordan. The Tupelo Council is made up of seven representatives, each elected from single-member districts. They annually elect the president of the council on a rotating basis. In 2021, the President of the Tupelo City Council is Mike Bryan. Other council members are Markel Whittington, Buddy Palmer, Willie Jennings, Lynn Bryan, Travis Beard, and Nettie Davis. The mayor of Tupelo will be Todd Jordan, who is currently in his third term. The council will elect a new president in 2021. The president will be Mike Bryan, who will be in his second term. It will be the first time the council has been in its current form for more than a decade. It is the second time in Tupelo's history that the mayor has been elected to a four-year term, after the previous mayor was in his fourth term in 2002. The current mayor's term is set to expire in 2018, after which the council will vote on a new mayor for a fifth term in 2019. The city will then elect a president for a sixth term in 2020, and so on until the council's current term ends in 2024, when the current president is in his fifth year. The next president will then be elected for a second term in 2021, and then a third in 2023, before a fourth term is held in 2024, and finally a fifth in 2026, if the current council is re-elected in 2028.


Tupelo Public School District is the school district for the vast majority of Tupelo. Tupelo High School is the largest public high school in Mississippi with a total of 1,931 students enrolled during the 2018-2019 school year. The city has satellite campuses of the University of Mississippi, Itawamba Community College, and the Mississippi University for Women. It participates in the Chromebook Distribution Policy, which means students in grades 6 to 12 are each given a school-owned Google Chromebook to use during theSchool year. In 2008, Sports Illustrated ranked the high school athletic department as the third-best high school program in the nation. Some portions of Tupelos are zoned to the Lee County School District, which includes the city's largest suburb, Lee County, Mississippi. The school district has a total enrollment of 2,831 students in the 2018-19 school year, making it the state's largest public school district with a student population of more than 2,000. The district also has a number of satellite campuses, including Itawambi Community College and Mississippi University For Women, which has an enrollment of about 1,000 students in its post-secondary education programs. It is also home to the Mississippi Military Institute, which offers a variety of programs for high school and college students, including a welding program and a business program. The town has a population of 1.2 million. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I.


Tupelo is served by BNSF Railway and Kansas City Southern Railway for freight transportation via rail. Tupelo Regional Airport has service on Contour Airlines. U.S. routes 45, 78, 278, and Natchez Trace Parkway run through Tupelo. Interstate 22 runs north of the city on an eastwest route. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which runs through the center of the town. The Mississippi River is a tributary of the Red River. The Red River flows into the Mississippi at the mouth of the Little Piney Creek, which flows through the city to the east. The river is crossed by Interstate 22, which passes north and south of Tupelo, and the Mississippi-Mississippi Turnpike, which goes through the town to the north and the south. It is also crossed by the Mississippi and Mississippi Rivers, which run through the east and west sides of the village. The town is located near the junction of the Mississippi, Mississippi, and Red Rivers Rivers, and has a population of about 2,000. It also has access to the Mississippi Gulf Coast, where it is on the Arkansas River, and to the Gulf of Mexico, which is on its eastern side. It has a port on the Little Mississippi River and the Arkansas-Missouri border. The Tupelo Airport is located in the city's central part, near the town's downtown area. The airport has a total of four runways, including two international runways and two domestic runways.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi = 68.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 81. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Tupelo = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 37,923 individuals with a median age of 36.5 age the population grows by 4.86% in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 589.02 residents per square mile of area (227.42/km²). There are average 2.46 people per household in the 14,102 households with an average household income of $43,344 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.80% of the available work force and has dropped -3.71% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.78%. The number of physicians in Tupelo per 100,000 population = 343.6.


The annual rainfall in Tupelo = 52.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 1.5 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 103. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 219. 92 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 33.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 26, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi which are owned by the occupant = 58.25%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 31 years with median home cost = $95,440 and home appreciation of -0.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.43 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,478 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 415 students for each Librarian and 385 students for each Counselor. 6.27% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.93% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.35% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Tupelo's population in Lee County, Mississippi of 2,118 residents in 1900 has increased 17,91-fold to 37,923 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.61% female residents and 47.39% male residents live in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi.

    As of 2020 in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi are married and the remaining 43.97% are single population.

  • 17.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Tupelo require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    85.14% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.21% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.33% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.99% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi, 58.25% are owner-occupied homes, another 34.28% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.48% are vacant.

  • The 65.52% of the population in Tupelo, Lee County, Mississippi who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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