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Township of Irvington

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
    Essex County
      County FIPS: 
    40°43′26″N 74°13′57″W
      Area total: 
    2.92 sq mi (7.55 km²)
      Area land: 
    2.91 sq mi (7.55 km²)
      Area water: 
    <0.01 sq mi (0.01 km²)
    128 ft (39 m)
    Incorporated March 27, 1874
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    20,993.8 residents per square mile of area (8,105.8/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Irvington was incorporated as an independent village on March 27, 1874, from portions of Clinton Township. Until 1965, Irvington was almost exclusively white. By 1980, the town was nearly 40% black; by 1990 it was 70%. The township is bordered by Maplewood to the west and Newark to the east, both in Essex County, and Hillside to the south and Union to the southwest. The Elizabeth River runs through the city passing Civic Square and Clinton Cemetery. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Irving Place. The township had the ninth-highest property tax rate in New Jersey, with an equalized rate of 4.890% in 2020, compared to 2.824% in the county as a whole and a statewide average of 2.279%. The current Mayor is Tony Vauss. The 2010 United States census counted 53,926 people, 20,093 households, and 12,839 families in the township. The population density was 18,417 per square mile (7,7,110/km²). There were 23,196 housing units at an average density of 7,904 per square miles (3,042 per km²) The racial makeup of the township was 541% White, 85% Black or African American, 038% Native American,038% Asian, 0 38% (471) Pacific Islander, 542% (2,922) Other races were 2,191 (1,191) from other races and 2,716 (1.21) from two or more races. The U.S Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category.


Clinton Township, which included what is now Irvington, Maplewood and parts of Newark and South Orange, was created on April 14, 1834. Irvington was incorporated as an independent village on March 27, 1874, from portions of Clinton Township. The area was known as Camptown until the mid-1800s. In 1982, the town was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had already made the change. By 1980, Irvington's population was nearly 40% black; by 1990 it was 70%. Michael G. Steele became the first black elected to public office in Irvington when he won a seat on the school board on March 25, 1980, then became the township's first black mayor ten years later, when he was elected in 1990 and served for four years. In 1994 Steele returned to the Board of Education to pursue his career as the district's certified School Business Administrator, serving over 22 years. The current Mayor is Tony Vauss. After the park closed, the merry-go-round was sold and transported to Disney World, in Orlando, FL. The book, Smile: A Picture History of Olympic Park, 1887-1965 written by Alan A. Siegel was published in 1983 by Rutgers University Press. From 1887 to 1965, Olympic Park was a 40-acre (16 ha) amusement park that straddled the border of Irvington and Maplewood, with the main entrance on Chancellor Avenue and a side entrance on 40th Street.


The Elizabeth River runs through the city passing Civic Square and Clinton Cemetery. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Irving Place. The township is bordered by Maplewood to the west and Newark to the east, both in Essex County, and Hillside to the south and Union to the southwest. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.92 square miles (7.55 km²), including 2.91 square miles of land and 0.01 square mile (0.07 km²) of water. The town has a population of 2,816. It is one of the smallest towns in New Jersey, with the largest population in the state of New Jersey at 2,715. The population of the township was 2,638 in the 2010 U.N. Census. The state's population at the time of the 2010 Census was 2.7 million, making it the third largest township in the United States after New York and New Jersey. The county seat is Newark and the town's largest city is Maplewood, with a total population of 3,716. The city's population is 2,914. It has a total land area of 7.55 square miles, including 2,897 square miles and 0.01 sq miles of water (0,077 km²). The township's population in 2010 was 1,819. It had a population density of 1,717.


The 2010 United States census counted 53,926 people, 20,093 households, and 12,839 families in the township. The racial makeup of the township was 81.66% Black or African American, 8.97% White, 0.24% Native American, 1.10% Asian,0.07% Pacific Islander, 5.42% (2,922) from other races, and 2.21% (1,191) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.60% (5,716) of the population. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 60,695 people, 22,032 households and 14,408 families residing in Irvington. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $42,580. The per capita income for the township is $20,520. About 14.4% of families and 16.8% of the residents were below the poverty line. The 2020 US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of anyrace. The township has one of the highest percentages of African American people in the United States, and the third-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside at 93.6%, and East Orange at 89.46%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.


Portions of Irvington are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Irvington was selected in 1996 as one of a group of seven zones added to participate in the program. In July 2015, the central business district surrounding the Irvington Bus Terminal on Springfield Avenue was designated as a transit village, qualifying it for incentives for revitalization. Established in May 1996, the township's Urban Enterprise zone status expires in May 2027. It is one of 33 transit villages statewide. The township has a population of 2,816. It has a GDP of $1.2 billion. It's one of the smallest towns in New Jersey. It also has the lowest unemployment rate in the state, at 2.7%. It has the highest poverty rate, at 1.8%. It is the second largest town in the county, after Scranton, with an unemployment rate of 1.9%. The township's population is 1,814. It had a population growth rate of 3.7% in 2013. It was the second highest in the township in 2013, after Reading, Pennsylvania. The town's population grew by 2.8% in 2014. It recorded a population increase of 1,788 in 2014, the largest growth rate since 2000. Its population has grown by 3.6%.


Irvington is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council form of municipal government. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the seven-member Township Council. As of July 2022, the mayor of Irvington is Tony Vauss, whose term of office ends June 30, 2026. The council is the legislative body of the township and needs a majority to make changes to the budget submitted by the mayor. The mayor is the township's chief executive and is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations and submitting a budget, but is not eligible to vote on the council. Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. For the 117th U.S. Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025). For the 2022-2023 session, the 28th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature isrepresented in the State Senate by Renee Burgess (D, Newark) and in the General Assembly by Ralph R. Caputo (D, Nutley) and Cleopatra Tucker (D), all of whom are elected for three-year concurrent terms. The County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr., whose four-year term ends December 31, 2022.


The Irvington Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 201920 school year, the district, comprised of 12 schools, had an enrollment of 8,020 students and 530.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 15.1:1. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" The district's high school was the 309th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in the September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 287th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed. It was ranked 309th in the state in 2010, and 287th on the cover of New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 "Top High Schools" list. The school district is located in Irvington, New Jersey, which is a suburb of New York City. It is located on the New York-Newark Turnersville Turnersfield line. The town has a population of 1.2 million people (as of the 2011-2012 school year). The district has 12 schools for pre-K through 12th grade, with an average of 341 students in Pre-K. It also has one middle school and one high school for high school students. It has one elementary school and two middle schools for elementary and middle school.


As of May 2010, the township had a total of 69.44 miles (111.75 km) of roadways. The Garden State Parkway is the most significant highway in Irvington. The Irvington Bus Terminal, which underwent renovation in the early 2000s, is one of NJ Transit's busiest facilities and regional transit hubs. Irvington is served by NJ Transit bus routes 107 to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 1, 13, 25, 27, 37, 39, 42, 70, 90 and 94 to Newark; and local service on the 26, 96 and other routes.Scheduled airline service is available at Newark Liberty International Airport in neighboring Newark and Elizabeth. The most significant local roadway is County Road 509, which is accessible from exits 143 and 144. The township is located on the New Jersey Turnpike Authority's New Jersey-New York border. The New Jersey Department of Transportation maintains 0.17 miles (0.27km) of roads in the township. It is the only municipality in New Jersey with a population of more than 1,000. The town's population was 1,200 in the 2010 census. The population of Irvington was 1.2 million. The municipality has a population density of 1,071 per square mile (450 per square kilometre) (1,074/mi). The township's population has a growth rate of 2.2 per cent (1.2/sq mi) per year.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey = 18.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 1. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Irvington = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 61,176 individuals with a median age of 34.2 age the population dropped by -7.83% in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 20,993.8 residents per square mile of area (8,105.8/km²). There are average 2.75 people per household in the 20,276 households with an average household income of $43,915 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 13.00% of the available work force and has dropped -3.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.38%. The number of physicians in Irvington per 100,000 population = 319.6.


The annual rainfall in Irvington = 43.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 26.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 205. 86 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 24.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 25.60%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 53 years with median home cost = $92,560 and home appreciation of -18.08%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $28.54 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,947 per student. There are 13.7 students for each teacher in the school, 707 students for each Librarian and 468 students for each Counselor. 4.89% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 9.41% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 2.72% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Irvington's population in Essex County, New Jersey of 5,255 residents in 1900 has increased 11,64-fold to 61,176 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.71% female residents and 47.29% male residents live in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 59.41% are single population.

  • 36.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Irvington require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    58.45% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.64% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 22.30% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.16% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey, 25.60% are owner-occupied homes, another 61.32% are rented apartments, and the remaining 13.08% are vacant.

  • The 54.22% of the population in Irvington, Essex County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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