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Jersey City

City of Jersey City

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
    Hudson County
    Jersey City
      County FIPS: 
    40°42′36″N 74°03′36″W
      Area total: 
    21.03 sq mi (54.48 km²)
      Area land: 
    14.75 sq mi (38.20 km²)
      Area water: 
    6.29 sq mi (16.28 km²)
    20 ft (6 m)
    1630; Incorporated February 22, 1838
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    19,835.1 residents per square mile of area (7,658.4/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Jersey City is the second-most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark. It is the county seat of Hudson County and the county's largest city. The city's population as of the 2020 United States census was 292,449. Redevelopment of the Jersey City waterfront has made the city one of the largest centers of banking and finance in the United States. The contemporary flag of the city is a variation on the Prince's Flag from the Netherlands. The stripes are blue, white and yellow, with the center of the flag showing the city seal, depicting Hudson's ship, the Half Moon, and other modern vessels. The oldest surviving houses in Jersey City are of Dutch origin including the Newkirk House (1690), the Van Vorst Farm (1740), and the Van Wagenen House (19th century). In 1804, a private citizen, Alexander Hamilton, helped to create the greater New York City area. He helped to lay the groundwork for modern Jersey City through private development through the New Jersey City Company. The company was purchased by the Federalists, who were predominantly Federalists who had been swept out of power in 1800 by Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans. In 1801, the company purchased the titles of Paulus Hook, former mayor of New York, and two cousins, Richard Varick and Jacob Varick, from a prominent old Dutch family. The titles were purchased by Anthony Dey, who was a former New York mayor, and his cousins Richard and Jacob.


In 1609, Henry Hudson anchored his small vessel Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) at Sandy Hook, Harsimus Cove and Weehawken Cove, and elsewhere along what was later named the North River. The contemporary flag of the city is a variation on the Prince's Flag from the Netherlands. The oldest surviving houses in Jersey City are of Dutch origin including the Newkirk House (1690), the Van Vorst Farmhouse (1740), and the Van Wagenen House (1740) During Kieft's War, approximately eighty Lenapes were killed by the Dutch in a massacre at Pavonia on the night of February 25, 1643. The village of Bergen was established on what is now Bergen Square in 1660 and officially chartered on September 5, 1661, as the state's first local civil government. In 1804, Alexander Hamilton, now a private citizen, was focused on increasing manufacturing in the greater New York City area. To that end, he helped to create the Associates of the Jersey Company which would lay the groundwork for modern Jersey City through private development. The consortium behind the company were predominantly Federalists who, like Hamilton, had been swept out of power in the election of 1800 by Thomas Jefferson and other Democratic-Republicans. They laid out the city squares and streets that still characterize the city, giving them names such as Grove, Varick, Wayne, and Montgomery. Despite Hamilton's untimely death, the Association carried on until 1834, when New York ceded control of Jersey City to New Jersey.


Jersey City is the seat of Hudson County and the second-most-populous city in New Jersey. As of the 1990 census, it had the smallest land area of the 100 most populous cities in the United States. The city is located on the peninsula known as Bergen Neck, with a waterfront on the east at the Hudson River and New York Bay, and on the west at the Hackensack River and Newark Bay. It is the site of some of the earliest European settlements in North America, which grew into each other rather than expanding from a central point. Given their proximity and accessibility by rapid transit to Manhattan, Jersey City and Hudson County are sometimes referred to as New York City's Sixth borough. The former Jersey City Medical Center complex, a cluster of Art Deco buildings on a rise in the center of the city, has been converted into residential complexes called The Beacon. New Jersey City Heights is a district in the north of Jersey City atop the New Jersey Palisades overlooking the city overlooking Hoboken and the Meadowlands to the east and Croxton to the west. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 78) is also bounded by Hoboken to the north and Liberty State Park to the south. The Jersey City Museum is home to many cultural attractions including the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Powerhouse (planned to become a museum and artist housing) and the Harsimus Stem Embankment along Sixth Street, which a citizens' movement is working to turn into public parkland that would be modeled after the High Line in Manhattan.


As of the 2020 census, Jersey City had a population of 292,449, up from 247,597 at the 2010 United States census. The city is a major port of entry for immigration to the United States and a major employment center at the approximate core of the New York City metropolitan area. Jersey City has evolved a globally cosmopolitan ambiance of its own, demonstrating a robust and growing demographic and cultural diversity with respect to nationality, religion, race, and domiciliary partnership. There were an estimated 55,493 non-Hispanic whites in Jersey City, according to the 2013-2017 American Community Survey, representing a 4.2% increase from 53,236 whites enumerated in the 2010 U.S. census. An estimated 63,788 African Americans resided in the city, or 24.0% of the city's population in 2017. Approximately 76,637 Latino and Hispanic Americans lived in Jersey city, composing 28.8% of its population in 2018. Stateside Puerto Ricans, making up a third of theCity's Latin American or Hispanic population, constituted the largest Hispanic group in JerseyCity. An Estimated 67,526 Asian Americans in Jersey. City, constituting a 15.4% increase. from 58,595 Asian Americans enumerated. in 2010, the highest proportion of any major US. city. Jersey Square has been home to the largest outdoor Navratri festivities in New Jersey Square, as well as several Hindu temples. The average household size was 2.57, and the median household income was $62,739.


Jersey City is a regional employment center with over 100,000 private and public sector jobs. Many jobs are in the financial and service sectors, as well as in shipping, logistics, and retail. The city's tax base grew by $136 million in 2017, giving Jersey City the largest municipal tax base in the State of New Jersey. Jersey City is home to the headquarters of Verisk Analytics and Lord Abbett, a privately held money management firm. In 2014, Forbes magazine moved its headquarters to the district, having been awarded a $27 million tax grant in exchange for bringing 350 jobs to the city over a ten-year period. The largest ship ever to call at the Port of New York-New Jersey, the MOL Benefactor, docked at Port Jersey in July 2016 after sailing from China through the newly widened Panama Canal. Goya Foods, which had been headquartered in adjacent Secaucus, opened a new headquarters including a 600,000-square-foot (56,000 m2) warehouse and distribution center in Jersey City in April 2015. In February 2014, Paul Fireman proposed a 95-story tower for Jersey City that would have included a casino. The project, which was endorsed by Mayor Steve Fulop, would cost an estimated $4.6 billion. In 2020, Merck & Co spin-off Organon International agreed to locate its headquarters at Goldman Sachs Tower. Port Jersey is an intermodal freight transport facility that includes a container terminal located on the Upper New York Bay. The municipal border of the Hudson County cities of Jersey City and Bayonne runs along the long pier extending into the bay.

Art and culture

The Colgate Clock, promoted by Colgate-Palmolive as the largest in the world, sits in Jersey City and faces Lower New York Bay and Lower Manhattan. Liberty State Park is home to Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal, the Interpretive Center, and Liberty Science Center, an interactive science and learning center. The Jersey City Museum, Mana Contemporary, and the Museum of Russian Art, which specializes in Soviet Nonconformist Art, include permanent collections and special exhibits. Some stations of the Hudson Bergen Light Rail feature public art exhibitions, including those at Exchange Place, Danforth Avenue and Martin Luther King Drive station. Jersey City has hosted JC Fridays, a city-wide quarterly seasonal arts festival organized by Art House Productions each March, June, September, and December since 2006. The Hudson Shakespeare Company has been the resident Shakespeare festival of Hudson County performing a free Shakespeare production for each month of the summer throughout various parks in the city. In literature, Wallace Stevens described the city as a place where "the deer and the dachshund are one." The city is the home of the New Jersey Shakespeare Company, which performs free Shakespeare plays throughout the summer. It is also home to the Golden Door Film Festival, which has taken place since 2011. The city has been home to several annual visual and performing arts festivals, fairs, and other events, including Jersey City Art & Studio Tour (JCAST) and Your Move Modern Dance Festival (YMFD) since 2010. It also hosts the Jersey City Comedy Festival, formerly known as the 6th Borough Comedy Festival.


Jersey City is governed under the Faulkner Act (mayorcouncil) form of municipal government. As of 2022, the mayor is Steven Fulop, whose term of office ends December 31, 2025. The city council is comprised of six members elected from wards and three elected at-large, all elected to concurrent four-year terms on a non-partisan basis as part of the November general election. Ward boundaries will be redrawn based on the results of the 2020 United States census to rebalance wards based on population changes. Jersey City is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 31st and 33rd state legislative districts. New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025). Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 are located partially or entirely in Jersey City. It is represented by Thomas Liggio, Thomas A. DeGise, and Jeffrey Dublin, and the Hudson County Executive, elected at large, is Thomas DeGisio. The City Clerk is John J. Metro; the Business Administrator is Sean J. Gallagher; and the City Council Clerk is Joyce Watterman. It has a total of 120,229 registered voters, 58 of whom live in the northern tip of the city (194 in Secaucus and the northern end of Bergen/Lafayette).


Jersey City is home to New Jersey City University and Saint Peter's University. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark maintains a network of elementary and secondary Catholic schools serve every area of Jersey City. The Jersey City Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" As of the 201718 school year, the district, comprised of 38 schools, had an enrollment of 29,634 students and 2,326.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 12.7:1. High schools in the district (with 201718 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are. William L. Dickinson High School Academy of the Sciences (1,780; 912), James J. Ferris High School. Academy of International Enterprise (1,327; 9 12),Infinity Institute (257; 612),Liberty High School (188;912),Lincoln High SchoolAcademy of Governance and Social Sciences (659) and Henry Snyder High School academy of the Arts (804) Dr. Ronald E. McNair Academic High School was the first-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 322 schools statewide, after being ranked second in 2008 out of 316 schools. St. Anthony High School, a prep basketball powerhouse for 26 years, closed in June 2011.


Of all Jersey City commuters, 8.17% walk to work, and 46.62% take public transit. 40.67% of Jersey City households do not own an automobile, the second-highest of all cities in the United States with 50,000 to 250,000 residents. As of May 2010, the city had a total of 218.57 miles (351.75 km) of roadways. The city-run microtransit service, Via Jersey City, complements and extends the existing public transit networks, providing better connections between residential neighborhoods, business districts, government facilities, PATH stations, and ferry and light rail stops. Since 2016, two Taiwanese airlines, China Airlines and EVA Air, have provided private bus services to and from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City for customers based in New Jersey. These bus services stop in Jersey City. In February 2020, Jersey City launched its on-demand public transit system in partnership with Via Transportation. It will be expanding to provide a weekend service as of March 2021. It is the second highest percentage of public transit riders of any city with a population of 100,000+ in the U.S. behind only New York city and ahead of Washington, D.C. It also has the third-highest percentage of people living in households with incomes between $50,000 and $100,000. It has the fourth-highest unemployment rate in the city, and the fifth-highest in the state.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey = 14.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 27. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Jersey City = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 127,315 individuals with a median age of 35.4 age the population grows by 1.48% in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 19,835.1 residents per square mile of area (7,658.4/km²). There are average 2.64 people per household in the 90,775 households with an average household income of $48,995 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 11.80% of the available work force and has dropped -4.60% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.00%. The number of physicians in Jersey City per 100,000 population = 138.6.


The annual rainfall in Jersey City = 43.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 26.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 106. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 217. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 24.78%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 54 years with median home cost = $315,610 and home appreciation of -13.25%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $29.69 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $13,020 per student. There are 11.6 students for each teacher in the school, 876 students for each Librarian and 311 students for each Counselor. 3.61% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.15% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.94% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Jersey City's population in Hudson County, New Jersey of 10,245 residents in 1900 has increased 12,43-fold to 127,315 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.53% female residents and 49.47% male residents live in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 53.80% are single population.

  • 36.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Jersey City require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    35.78% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.69% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 40.61% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.81% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, 24.78% are owner-occupied homes, another 64.06% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.16% are vacant.

  • The 59.11% of the population in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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