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Capitan, New Mexico

  •   State: 
    New Mexico
    Lincoln County
      County FIPS: 
    33°32′38″N 105°34′59″W
      Area total: 
    3.26 sq mi (8.44 km²)
      Area land: 
    3.26 sq mi (8.44 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    6,350 ft (1,950 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Ruidoso, NM
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    426.82 residents per square mile of area (164.78/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Capitan is a village in Lincoln County, New Mexico, United States, located north of the Lincoln National Forest between the Capitan and Sacramento Mountains. The population was 1,489 at the 2010 census. The community is surrounded by high desert mountains and New Mexico cedar, pinon and juniper trees. In spring of 1950, a badly burned black bear cub was rescued from a large forest fire at Capitan Gap. He was later renamed Smokey and became the real-life version of the United States Forest Service mascot Smokey Bear. Smokey was later sent to the National Zoo in Washington D.C., where he lived for 26 years. Upon his death on November 9, 1976, Smokey's remains were returned by the government to Capitan. He is buried at what is now the Smokeybear Historical Park. Capitan is the home of rancher and businessman Edward R. Tinsley, III, owner of the K-Bob's Steakhouse restaurant chain. It was also the unsuccessful Republican nominee in 2008 for the 2nd congressional district seat vacated by Steve Pearce, who ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate. It has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km²) According to the United Nations, Capitan has a climate of "dry, hot, and dry" (Köppen climate classification: "Cfa"). It has an elevation of 6,350 feet (1,950 m) The village has a population of 1,443.


Capitan is the primary city name, but also Angus are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Capitan, New Mexico. According to the United States Census Bureau, Capitan has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km²), all land. The community is surrounded by high desert mountains and New Mexico cedar, pinon and juniper trees. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Capitan had a total population of 1,816 in 2010. The town has a population of about 1,000. The population of Capitan in 2010 was 1,788. The city's population in 2000 was about 2,000, and its population in 2012 was 2,832, according to the Census Bureau. It is located in New Mexico's Santa Cruz Mountains, near the border with New Mexico, and is located on the New Mexico-New Mexico border. It has a high desert climate (Köppen "Cwb") and high desert terrain (KfW) The community has a small population of around 1,200. It was founded in the early 1900s by a group of ranchers who moved to the area to escape the harsh conditions of the Santa Cruz mountains. The area is known as Capitan because of its large number of cedar and pinon trees, which are common in the area. It also has a large amount of juniper, juniper and cedars, which can be found in the community. The village's name comes from the word Capitan, which means "cedar" or "pine" in Spanish.


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,443 people, 605 households, and 416 families residing in the village. The population density was 450.9 people per square mile (174.1/km²). There were 717 housing units at an average density of 224.0 per squaremile (86.5/km 2) The racial makeup of the village was 87.53% White, 0.55% African American, 1.46% Native American, 0,55% Asian, 0.,07% Pacific Islander, 7.76% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.20% of the population. The median income for a household in theVillage was $27,188, and the medianincome for a family was $32,115. The per capita income for the Village was $15,062. About 8.3% of families and 13.0% of people were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 12.1% ofThose age 65 or over. The village is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers's National Defense Training Area. The U.N. State Department has a training center in the Village. The training center is open to the public, but is closed to the general public. It has no plans to open a training facility in the near future. It is not known if the village has any plans to do so.


U.S. Route 380 is one of the busiest highways in the United States. The highway was built in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It is located in New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and New Jersey. It was built as part of the New Jersey Turnpike system. It has been extended to New Jersey and New York in the 1960s and 1970s.

Smokey Bear

A badly burned black bear cub was rescued from a large forest fire at Capitan Gap in the Capitan Mountains in 1950. He was later sent to the National Zoo in Washington D.C., where he lived for 26 years. Upon his death on November 9, 1976, Smokey's remains were returned by the government to Capitan and buried at what is now the Smokey Bear Historical Park. Smokey was the real-life version of the U.S. Forest Service mascot SmokeyBear. He is buried at the park's historical park, which is now called Smokeybear Historical Park, in Capitan, New Mexico.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico = 97. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 39. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Capitan = 6.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 9,963 individuals with a median age of 43 age the population grows by 2.29% in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 426.82 residents per square mile of area (164.78/km²). There are average 2.31 people per household in the 638 households with an average household income of $30,074 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.80% of the available work force and has dropped -3.73% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.74%. The number of physicians in Capitan per 100,000 population = 147.6.


The annual rainfall in Capitan = 16.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 27.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 65. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 283. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 80, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico which are owned by the occupant = 68.83%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $112,360 and home appreciation of -3.40%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.62 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,744 per student. There are 15.9 students for each teacher in the school, 285 students for each Librarian and 570 students for each Counselor. 4.64% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.86% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.01% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Capitan's population in Lincoln County, New Mexico of 1,350 residents in 1900 has increased 7,38-fold to 9,963 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.68% female residents and 49.32% male residents live in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico.

    As of 2020 in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico are married and the remaining 35.82% are single population.

  • 30.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Capitan require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    72.15% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 15.83% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.91% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 7.61% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico, 68.83% are owner-occupied homes, another 15.92% are rented apartments, and the remaining 15.25% are vacant.

  • The 44.87% of the population in Capitan, Lincoln County, New Mexico who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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