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  •   State: 
    New York
    Monroe County
      County FIPS: 
    43°09′40″N 77°26′48″W
      Area total: 
    37.85 sq mi (98.04 km²)
      Area land: 
    37.22 sq mi (96.40 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.63 sq mi (1.64 km²)
    512 ft (156 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Rochester, NY
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Penfield, Monroe County, New York, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,002.93 residents per square mile of area (387.23/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Penfield is a town in Monroe County, New York, United States. The population was 36,242 at the 2010 census. The town was incorporated in 1810 by the proprietor Daniel Penfield, who purchased the town lands in 1795 and moved to the area in 1809. Penfield's topography was formed by melting glaciers. The same forces that created the Finger Lakes helped develop interesting terrain in and around Ellison Park. The soil is rich for farming certain types of apples, cherries, plums, peaches, and pears.Penfield shares Irondequoit Bay with the towns of IrondEquoit and Webster. The southeastern end of the bay is in Penfield. It is a small part of the hamlet of East Village near the eastern line of Rochester - a hamlet on the New York State Route 441. The unemployment rate, as of July 2013, was 5.5%. This is below the 7.6% unemployment rate of New York state in July 2013. It has a total area of 37.9 square miles (98 km²), of which 37.5 sq miles (97 km²) is land and 0.4sq miles (1.0 km²) is water. It includes a number of parks with a variety of terrain, water features, lodges and shelters, open spaces, and athletic facilities. It also has a small hamlet near the southern town line of Loyd's Corners, near the intersection of the East and East Rensselaer Turnpike.


The town has a total area of 37.9 square miles (98 km²), of which 37.5 square miles of land (97 km²) is land. Penfield is surrounded in all four directions by neighboring towns. Nearly two million years ago, Penfield's topography was formed by melting glaciers. The same forces that created the Finger Lakes helped develop interesting terrain in and around Ellison Park. The soil is rich for farming certain types of apples, cherries, plums, peaches, and pears.Penfield shares IrondEquoit Bay with the towns of Irondequoit and Webster. The southeastern end of the bay is in Penfield. The town is located in Monroe County, New York, and is located on the New York-New York border. It has a population of 2,816. It is located at the junction of the Genesee and Renssela rivers. It also has a number of parks with a variety of terrain, water features, lodges and shelters, open spaces, and athletic facilities. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built the Penfield Army Ammunition Plant in the 1950s and 1960s. In the 1970s and 1980s, the town was the location of the Battle of Stony Point, which is now known as the St.ony Point Battlefield. The Town of Penfield was once home to the Stoney Point Lighthouse.


As of the census of 2000, there were 34,645 people, 13,144 households, and 9,634 families residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 93.48% White, 3.05% Asian, 2.11% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.43% of the population. The town's unemployment rate, as of July 2013, was 5.5%. This is below the 7.6% unemployment rate of New York State in July 2013. There are an estimated 2,393 veterans in the city. The median income for a household in theTown was $63,223, and $74,959 for a family. The per capita income for the Town was $29,576. About 2.3% of families and 3.7% of people were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 5.0% ofThose age 65 or over. The population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 4.8%. from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 27%.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9%. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there are 92.3 males. For each 100 females age 18 or over,there are 88.7 males.

Communities and locations in Penfield

Hamlet of Penfield is near the western town line, on Route 441 and Five Mile Line Road. hamlet of Roseland is in the north-eastern corner of the town on Plank Road. Hamlet of Lloyd's Corners is a hamlet at the intersection of Routes 441 & 250. Hamlets of East Rochester and West Penfield are near the southern town line. hamlets of West and East Rochester are on the eastern side of the village. The village of West Rochester is on the western edge of the city, near the town line with the town of Rochester. The town of East Penfield has a population of around 2,000 people, and a population center of about 1,500 people. It is the largest town in the state of New York, with a population in excess of 3,000. The city's population was 4,000 in 2010, and is expected to grow to 5,000 by 2015. The population of the state in 2010 was 6,000, with the majority of that population living in the city of Rochester and its surrounding areas. The state's population in 2011 was 5,700, with most of the residents living in and around the town center. The number of residents in the town in 2012 was 3,856, and the number of people living in 2013 was 2,854. The total population of Rochester in 2012, including the village of Easthester, was 6.7 million, making it the most populous city in New York state.


As with many suburbs of the United States of America, Penfield's workforce co-exists with the major corporations and institutions found in the Rochester, NY metropolitan area. Major public and private corporations with a geographic footprint in Penfield include Paychex, Nalge Nunc International, Birds Eye Foods, and Wegmans. Major health, insurance, and educational institutions also contribute to employment and culture, including University of Rochester, Rochester Institute of Technology, and Rochester Regional Health. These corporations include Kodak, Xerox, and Bausch & Lomb. Penfield has a population of 3,000 people. It is located in the northern part of the Rochester metropolitan area, near the city's eastern border. The town's population is 3,200 people, and it is located near the eastern edge of the city, close to the city of Rochester's eastern edge. It has a total population of 4,000, with the majority of its residents living in the town of Rochester. The city's population has a median age of 28.5 years, with a median income of $30,000. The area's unemployment rate is 2.7 percent, and its unemployment rate has been in the low to mid-teens for the past five years. The region's population of 2,000 is the highest in the U.S. and the lowest in the state of New York. The population of Penfield is 2,300 people, with an unemployment rate of 1.8 percent.


The town is primarily served by the Penfield and Webster Central School Districts, with relatively small portions of the town served by Pittsford and Wayne central school districts. There are several privately run schools, including the Charles Finney School (grades K12) and the Bread Of Life Christian Academy. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Rochester operates St. Joseph Elementary School. Webster Montessori School is a private, non-denominational, pre-K-5 school. The town is also home to the Rochester Christian School, a private Christian school, and the Rochester United Methodist Church, which is a non- denominational Christian school. It is the only town in New York state to have a high school in the state of New York, with grades K-12 in the high school division of the New York State School for the deaf and hard-of-hearing (NYSUHSD). The town also has a public high school, the Webster High School, which has grades 9-12, and an elementary school, with K-6 grades in the K-5 division. It also has several private Christian schools, such as the Bread of Life Academy and the St.Joseph Elementary School, as well as a private school for pre-k-5 children, the Saint Joseph School, and a private high school for K-8 children. It has a large number of churches, including several that are affiliated with the Roman Catholic diocese. There is also a small number of independent churches, some of which are located in the town.


The Town of Penfield was established in 1810 and the first Town Meeting was held on April 2, 1811. The original Penfield Town Hall was built in 1895 and was deemed a Penfield landmark in 1981. The Horace and Grace Bush House, Daisy Flour Mill, Dayton's Corners School, Hipp-Kennedy House, Mud House, Penfield Road Historic District, Stephen Phelps House, Samuel Rich House, and Harvey Whalen House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1950s the downstairs of the town hall was the library and when the location of the PenfieldTown Hall was changed, the library took over the entire building. The library has now since been moved to Baird Road Community Center. The town is located on the shores of Irondequoit Bay and includes the place now called "Indian Landing" The town was once part of the hunting grounds of the Seneca Nation, a member of the Haudenosaunee tribes. After the American Revolution the lands that became Penfield were included in the Phelps and Gorham Purchase. After passing through several hands, Townships 13 and 14 of Range IV were acquired by Daniel Penfield in several transactions during the course of 1795. The area in today's Monroe County remained divided by the Genesee River, and all the settlements to the east of theGenesee became part of Northfield in 1796. Those to the west of the river were organized into Northampton in 1797. As the population rapidly grew both settlements divided. Northfield first became Boyle, from which Penfield split in1810.


The town is governed by a board (consisting of a supervisor, four councilpersons, a clerk, and two justices) that is elected by registered town voters. Major responsibilities can be grouped into planning & preservation, libraries & recreation, ethics & environment, trails & transportation. The town court handles approximately 6,000 cases per year, adjudicated by the justices. The Penfield Town Hall can be found at 3100 Atlantic Avenue, Penfield, NY, 14526. It can also be reached by phone at (585) 340-8600, or by email at town It is located on Atlantic Avenue at the corner of Atlantic Avenue and West Main Street, in the town of Penfield. For confidential support call the Samaritans on 08457 90 90 90, visit a local Samaritans branch or see, or for confidential support in the U.S. call the National Suicide Prevention Line on 1-800-273-8255. In the UK, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-844-9255 or visit the Samaritans on the University of London Street in the city of London, England, on the ‘Other’ side of the road at “The Samaritans’”, ‘The’ Side of the Road’s’, “The” Side of The Road”.

Emergency response

There are a few levels of emergency response in Penfield. First level support is from County and City resources. Second and Third level support are provided by trained and untrained citizens. Dialing 9-1-1 connects the caller to the City of Rochester's Emergency Communications Department. For the Town of Penfield, the Monroe County Sheriff's Department provides primary law enforcement for the town's residents. The volunteer Penfield Fire Company provides fire protection, rescue, and non-transport emergency medical services. The Penfield Volunteer Emergency Ambulance (PVEA) provides Basic Life Support with trained Emergency Medical Technicians. The Southeast Quadrant Mobile Critical Care Unit (SEQ MCCU) provides Advanced Life Support services. Northern parts ofPenfield receive the same services from the Webster Fire Department. The town is located in Zone A where Captain Robert Clar is the Commander and Deputy Andy Hildreth is the Crime Prevention Officer. Penfield is located on the New York State Thruway. It is located near the town of Rochester, New York, and the town is near the village of Webster. It has a population of 2,000. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War and the Battle of the Bulge. It also is the site for the World War II Battle of New York and the Second World War. The city is home to a number of historic sites, including the Genesee River, which was once the source of the Hudson River.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Penfield, Monroe County, New York = 77. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 48. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 39. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Penfield = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 20,399 individuals with a median age of 43.2 age the population grows by 2.03% in Penfield, Monroe County, New York population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,002.93 residents per square mile of area (387.23/km²). There are average 2.56 people per household in the 13,465 households with an average household income of $73,799 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.20% of the available work force and has dropped -3.04% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 27.72%. The number of physicians in Penfield per 100,000 population = 298.3.


The annual rainfall in Penfield = 31.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 47.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 123. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 165. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Penfield, Monroe County, New York which are owned by the occupant = 78.83%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $156,020 and home appreciation of -0.29%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $28.04 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,733 per student. There are 12.2 students for each teacher in the school, 434 students for each Librarian and 228 students for each Counselor. 9.86% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 26.99% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 19.28% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Penfield's population in Monroe County, New York of 2,857 residents in 1900 has increased 7,14-fold to 20,399 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.97% female residents and 48.03% male residents live in Penfield, Monroe County, New York.

    As of 2020 in Penfield, Monroe County, New York are married and the remaining 33.86% are single population.

  • 21.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Penfield require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    89.14% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 5.41% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.31% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.33% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Penfield, Monroe County, New York, 78.83% are owner-occupied homes, another 15.93% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.25% are vacant.

  • The 52.23% of the population in Penfield, Monroe County, New York who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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