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Salt Lake City

  •   State: 
    Salt Lake County
    Salt Lake City
      County FIPS: 
    40°45′39″N 111°53′28″W
      Area total: 
    110.81 sq mi
      Area land: 
    110.34 sq mi (285.77 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.47 sq mi (1.22 km²)
    4,265 ft (1,300 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Salt Lake City, UT
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,797.52 residents per square mile of area (701.84/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Salt Lake City is the capital and most populous city of Utah, United States. It is the seat of Salt Lake County, the most populous county in Utah. The city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which had a population of 1,257,936 at the 2020 census. It was founded July 24, 1847, by early pioneer settlers led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution they had experienced while living farther east. It has developed a strong tourist industry based primarily on skiing and outdoor recreation. It hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics and is known for its politically liberal culture, which stands in contrast with the rest of the state's highly conservative leanings. Sustained drought in Utah has more recently strained Salt Lake city's water security and caused the Great Salt Lake level drop to record low levels, and has impacted the local and state economy. Salt Lake and the surrounding area are also the location of several institutions of higher education including the University of Utah. In 1868, the word "Great" was dropped from the city's name. The Shoshone, Weber Ute, and Paiute had dwelt in theSalt Lake Valley for thousands of years. The land was treated by the United States as public domain; no aboriginal title by the Northwestern Shoshones was ever ceded or relinquished by treaty with the U.S. The Donner Party, a group of ill and ill-fated pioneers, traveled through the GreatSalt Lake and Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1846.


Salt Lake City is the primary city name, but also Brighton, Cottonwd Hts, Cottonwood, Cottonwood Heights, Cottonwood Heights City, Holladay, Holladay Cottonwood, Holladay Ctwd, Murray, Salt Lake Cty, Solitude are acceptable city names or spellings, Slc on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Salt Lake City was not platted till after the federal surveyor abandoned his post in 1857. The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Gold Rush gold seekers. The first group of settlers brought African slaves with them, making it the only place in the U.S. to have African slaves. Slavery was abolished in the territory during the Civil War. The Shoshone saved the pioneers when they taught them to eat the bulb of the native sego lily, which has long been part of their diet. The temple has become an icon for the city and serves as its centerpiece. The southeast corner of Temple Square is the point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, and for all addresses in theSalt Lake Valley. The Salt Lake Temple took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, and the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893. In 1850, 26 slaves were counted in Salt Lake County. In 1852, the territorial legislature passed the Act to Relation to the Relation Service and the Act for Indian Prisoners of War. In 1860, the act formally legalized slavery and formalized the Indian Slaves and Prisoner of War Act for the relief of Indian prisoners of war. The act was passed in the summer of 1860 by the Utah Territorial legislature and the House of Representatives. The state of Utah was established in 1849, but it was never recognized by the United States.


Salt Lake City has an area of 110.4 square miles (286 km²) and an average elevation of 4,327 feet (1,319 m) above sea level. The city is in the northeast corner of the Salt Lake Valley surrounded by the Great Salt Lake to the northwest, the steep Wasatch Range to the east, and Oquirrh Mountains to the west. Its encircling mountains contain several narrow canyons, including City Creek, Emigration, Millcreek, and Parley's which border the eastern city limits. The highest mountaintop visible from Salt Lake City is Twin Peaks, which reaches 11,330 feet (3,450 m) On March 18, 2020, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit Magna, just southwest of Salt Lake city, causing some minor damage throughout the valley. The population of the city is projected to double by 2040, putting further pressure on the region's air quality. The metabolic activities of bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink", a scent reminiscent of foul poultry eggs, two to three times per year for a few hours. Most major streets run very northsouth and eastwest. The grid's origin is the southeast corner of Temple Square, the block containing theSalt Lake Temple; the northsouth axis is Main Street; and the eastwest axis is South Temple Street. Addresses are coordinates within the system (similar to latitude and longitude). Odd and even address numbering depends on the quadrant of the grid in which an address is located. The rule is: When traveling away from the grid center (Temple Square) or its axes (Main Street), odd numbers will be on the left side of the street.


At the 2010 census, Salt Lake City's population was 75.1% White, 2.6% African American, 1.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 4.4% Asian and 2.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander. 22.3% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city's population has historically been predominantly white. The area within the city limits covers 14.2%. The Salt Lake-Ogden-Clearfield combined statistical area, together with the Provo-Orem metropolitan area, had a combined population of 2,094,035 as of July 1, 2008. The median income for a household in the city was $36,944, and the median income. for a family was $45,140. Males had a median income of $31,511 versus $26,403 for females. Out of the population, 18.7% of those under the age of 18, and 8.5% of. those under 18, were living below the poverty line. The highest income disparity in Utah is inSalt Lake City, compared with the state's overall score of 049. The westside of the city is the most expensive place to live in the U.S., according to the 2017 American Community Census. The average household size was 2.48, and. the average family size was 3.24, according to 2010 Census figures. The population was 186,440 people (up from 181,743 in 2000), 75,177 households, and 57,543 families in the City. This amounts to 6.75% of Utah's population.


Salt Lake City is home to two Fortune 1000 companies, Zions Bancorporation and Questar Corporation. Other notable firms headquartered in the city include AlphaGraphics, Alsco, Sinclair Oil Corporation, Smith's Food and Drug (owned by national grocer Kroger), MonaVie, Myriad Genetics, Creminelli Fine Meats and The daytime population of Salt Lake City proper swells to over 315,000 people, not including tourists or students. It is categorized as a "Gamma" global city, according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. In 2020, Salt Lake city entered the bidding process to host the 2030 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. The city's major sectors are government, trade, transportation, utilities, and professional and business services. Other economic activities include tourism, conventions, and major suburban call centers. The major employer is the Delta hub at Salt LakeCity International Airport, which is also home to the University of Utah and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The City is also the headquarters of American Stores, the Skaggs Companies, and ZCMI, one of the first department stores; it is now owned by Macy's, Inc. Notable firms based in nearby cities within the metropolitan area include Arctic Circle Restaurants, FranklinCovey, and, among others. It was once known as the "Crossroads of the West" for its railroads, when nearby steel, mining and railroad operations provided a strong source of income.

Law and government

Since 1979, Salt Lake City has had a non-partisan mayor-council form of government. The mayor and the seven councillors are elected to staggered four-year terms. Each councilor represents approximately 26,000 citizens. Officials are not subject to term limits. The city's political demographics are considerably more liberal than the rest of Utah. Salt Lake hosted many foreign dignitaries during the 2002 Winter Olympics, and in 2006 the president of Mexico began his U.S. tour in the city. President George W. Bush visited in 2005 and again in 2006 for national veterans' conventions; both visits were protested by then-Mayor Rocky Anderson. In July 2013, a new Public Safety Building housing police, fire, and emergency dispatch employees opened. It was billed as the largest net zero energy building in the nation at opening, and is expected to be certified LEED Platinum. It also served as Utah's first statehouse from 1896 until the current Utah State Capitol was dedicated on October 9, 1916. It is home to several non-governmental think-tanks and advocacy groups such as the conservative Alliance for a Better Utah, the gay-rights group Equality Utah, and the quality-growth advocates Envision Utah. Since 1976, all of the city's mayors have been Democrats. The most recent election was held on November 5, 2019. Councilwoman Erin Mendenhall was elected mayor, Daniel E. Dugan won against incumbent Charlie Luke, while Andrew Johnston and Ana Valdemoros retained their seats on the council.


The Salt Lake City Public Library system consists of the main library downtown, and five branches in various neighborhoods. There are twenty-three K-6 elementary schools, five 78 middle schools, three 912 high schools (Highland, East, and West), and an alternative high school (Horizonte) Many Catholic schools are in the city, including Judge Memorial Catholic High School. Rowland Hall-St. Mark's School, established in 1867 by Episcopal Bishop Daniel Tuttle, is the area's premier independent school. The University of Utah is noted for its research and medical programs. It was one of the original four universities to be connected to ARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet, in 1969, and was the site of the first artificial heart transplant in 1982. Utah spends less per student than any other state, yet also spends more per capita (of total state population) than any state with the exception of Alaska. The main library, designed by renowned architect Moshe Safdie, opened in 2003. In 2006, the Salt Lake city Public Library was named "Library of the Year" by the American Library Association. The city is home to many trade and technical schools such as Healing Mountain Massage School and the Utah College of Massage Therapy. Utah State University, Neumont College of Computer Science and Brigham Young University also operate education centers in the City. The Salt Lake School for the Performing Arts (SPA) was recently selected as the site for the charter school.


Salt Lake City is home to several museums, including the Church History Museum and the Clark Planetarium. The city has an eclectic music scene that includes hip hop, blues, rock and roll, punk, deathcore, horrorcore and indie groups. Salt Lake City has a thriving culture celebrating the diversity of the Wasatch Front valley. The Utah Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1940 and grew to become a major US orchestra during the tenure of its former music director, Maurice Abravanel, who led the orchestra from 1947 through 1979. The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, founded in 1847 as the Mormon Tabernacles Choir, is the world's longest-running continuous network broadcast. In 2010, crowds peaked at 40,000 attendees in downtown's Pioneer Park's Pioneer Festivals. The Rose Wagner Performing Arts Center is host to both RWDC and RDT. The Salt Lake Film Society hosts free film screenings, many with post film Q and A's with filmmakers or subject experts every Tuesday night at the Salt Lake Public Library and monthly at the Rose Wagner Theater. During the summer, Salt Lake. City hosts the Twilight Concert series, a low-cost summer concert series. The festival series has been a part of the Salt. Lake City music scene since the late 1980s and is now one of the largest music festivals in the U.S., with more than 1,000 bands performing in the city each year. The University of Utah is home. to two highly ranked dance departments, the Ballet Department and the Department of Modern Dance.

Main sights

Salt Lake City is the headquarters of the LDS Church and has many LDS-related sites open to visitors. The most popular is Temple Square, which includes the Salt Lake Temple and visitor centers open to the public, free of charge. The Utah State Capitol Building offers marble floors and a dome similar to the building that houses the US Congress. Other notable historical buildings include the Thomas Kearns Mansion (now the Governor's Mansion), City and County Building (built 1894), the Kearns Building on Main Street, St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Madeleine. The city is near several world-class ski and summer resorts, including Snowbird, Alta, Brighton, Solitude, Park City Mountain Resort, and Deer Valley. Other attractions near Salt Lake City include Hogle Zoo, Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Golden Spike National Historic Site (where the world's first transcontinental railroad was joined), Lagoon Amusement Park, the Great Salt Lake, the Bonneville Salt Flats, Gardner Historic Village, and one of the nation's largest dinosaur museums at Thanksgiving Point in Lehi, and Bingham Canyon, the largest man-made excavation site in the U.S. and home to the Utah State Museum. The City Creek Center is the city's newest major shopping center and features high-end retailers not found anywhere else in Utah. The Gateway, an outdoor shopping mall, has many national restaurants, clothing retailers, a movie theater, the Clark Planetarium, and The Discovery Gateway.

Sports and recreation

Eight ski resorts lie within 50 miles (80 km) of Salt Lake City. The city has hosted two of the most important and most watched games in basketball. Utah Warriors is a professional Major League Rugby team that launched its first season in 2018. Real Salt Lake of Major League Soccer was founded in 2004, initially playing at Rice-Eccles Stadium at the University of Utah before the soccer-specific America First Field (formerly Rio Tinto Stadium) was completed in neighboring Sandy. There are also two minor league teams in the city, the Pacific Coast League's Salt Lake Bees and the Triple-A Salt Lake Stingers of the Los Angeles Angels of BASE Baseball. The Utah Grizzlies ice hockey team were established in 2005, replacing the previous Grizzlies team that existed when they relocated from Denver in 1995. Despite the fact that the two colleges maintain a long and storied rivalry, both Brigham Young and Utah State maintain a large following in the state. The University ofUtah and Brigham Young University both maintain large followings in the Utah city and follow each other in football, basketball, and ice hockey. The Salt Lake Stars of the American Basketball Association (ABA) won one championship in theCity between 1970 and 1975. They folded just months before the ABANBA merger, thus preventing them from being absorbed by the NBA. The team relocated to San Antonio in 1997 and became the San Antonio Silver Stars. They won two Western Conference championships together, but the franchise has yet to win an NBA championship. The City has also played host to several international soccer games.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah = 10.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 68. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Salt Lake City = 4.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 199,723 individuals with a median age of 33.4 age the population grows by 0.05% in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,797.52 residents per square mile of area (701.84/km²). There are average 2.44 people per household in the 72,574 households with an average household income of $43,161 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.79% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.12%. The number of physicians in Salt Lake City per 100,000 population = 249.8.


The annual rainfall in Salt Lake City = 17.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 50.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 83. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 222. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 26.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 66, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah which are owned by the occupant = 46.62%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $299,870 and home appreciation of -8.58%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.71 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,454 per student. There are 22.7 students for each teacher in the school, 1628 students for each Librarian and 805 students for each Counselor. 6.13% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 20.68% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 14.02% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Salt Lake City's population in Salt Lake County, Utah of 53,531 residents in 1900 has increased 3,73-fold to 199,723 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.74% female residents and 51.26% male residents live in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah.

    As of 2020 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah are married and the remaining 50.89% are single population.

  • 21.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Salt Lake City require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    69.10% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.25% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.22% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, 46.62% are owner-occupied homes, another 45.21% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.17% are vacant.

  • The 65.65% of the population in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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