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Sterling

  •   State: 
    Virginia
      County: 
    Loudoun County
      City: 
    Sterling
      County FIPS: 
    51107
      Coordinates: 
    39°0′22″N 77°25′43″W
      Area total: 
    5.48 sq mi (14.19 km²)
      Area land: 
    5.45 sq mi (14.12 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.03 sq mi (0.07 km²)
      Elevation: 
    295 ft (90 m)
      Established: 
    1962
  •   Latitude: 
    39,0014
      Longitude: 
    -77,4039
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    20164
    20165
    20166
    20167
      GMAP: 

    Sterling, Loudoun County, Virginia, United States

  •   Population: 
    10,105
      Population density: 
    5,565 residents per square mile of area (2,148.5/km²)

Sterling, Virginia is a census-designated place (CDP) in Loudoun County, Virginia, United States. The population of the CDP as of the 2010 United States Census was 27,822. The "Greater Sterling" region includes part of Washington Dulles International Airport and the former AOL corporate headquarters. Greater Sterling is also home to the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office LWX (serving the BaltimoreWashington Metropolitan Area), as well as the Sterling Field Support Center, a test, research, and evaluation center for weather instruments. In the beginning of 1962, large farms made up the 1,762 acres (713 ha) of what today is called Sterling Park. Sterling Park residents had to be "Caucasian race" before the board raised an objection to the clause in the Fair Housing Act of 1964. No African-American family moved into Sterling Park until August 1966, a common practice in the U.S. before the 1960s when discriminatory housing was outlawed by the Fair housing Act. In late 1961, they decided to buy and incorporated Sterling Park Development Corporation with his son Marvin T. Broyhill as president, and cousin Thomas J. BroYhill as vice president. Between April 28 and December 29 of 1961, the Broyhills purchased 1,007 acres in 14 parcels for $2,115,784. For the 226-acre (91 ha) Hughes farm along Route 7, they paid $1,700 per acre ($4,200/ha).

History

Sterling is the primary city name, but also Arcola, Dulles are acceptable city names or spellings. In the beginning of 1962, large farms made up the 1,762 acres (713 ha) of what today is called Sterling Park. Land prices rose from an average $125 per acre ($310/ha) to $500 per acre $1,200/ha. The Broad Run Bridge and Tollhouse, Vestal's Gap Road and Lanesville Historic District, and Arcola Elementary School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.Initially, Sterling Park residents had to be of the "Caucasian race" No African American family moved into Sterling Park until August 1966, when the illegality of the clause became apparent. By then, the population of "The Park", as it had come to be known, had reached 5,000. In late 1961, they decided to buy and incorporated Sterling Park Development Corporation with his son Marvin T. Broyhill as president, and cousin Thomas J. BroYhill as vice president. Between April 28 and December 29 of 1961, the Broyhills purchased 1,761 acres in 14 parcels for $2,115,784. For the 226-acre (91 ha) Hughes farm along Route 7, they paid $1, 700 per acre. In 1962, they learned where the right-of-way for Route 28 (Sully Road) would be, and hoped to develop Sterling Park on both sides of it. However, Powell B. Harrison, who was instrumental in planning Route 28, insisted that the road be kept generally free of development, for easy access to the airport.

Geography

According to the USGS, Sterling has an average elevation of 289 feet (88 m) above sea level. The original center of Sterling is located at 39°00'22.4"N 77°25'43.0"W. Sterling is part of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, and Greater Sterling borders the Potomac River. It is located in the Shenandoah National Park, a National Park Service preserve. The town has a population of about 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in or near the town of Sterling. The city is located on the banks of the Susquehanna River, which is a tributary of the Potomsac River, and is in the Eastern Seaboard of the U.S. state of Virginia. It was named after Sterling, Virginia, which was founded in 1788. It has an estimated population of 2,500. It lies in the Susquhannah National Park and the Eastern Panhandle of the Eastern United States, which are both in the Piedmont region of the United States. It also borders the West Virginia River and the West Chesapeake River, both of which are in the East Coast region of Virginia, and the Potumac River in the West Coast Region of the state. The population of Sterling has been estimated to be about 1,500, with most of its people living in the town's central and southern areas. The majority of the city's residents live in or close to Sterling.

Communities

Broad Run Farms is a residential area north of Virginia State Route 7 and 28 that was founded in 1952. Cascades is a 2,500-acre (1,000 ha) planned community within the 20165 ZIP code. Countryside covers about 3.75 square miles (9.7 km²) and consists of 2,539 homes, which includes 1,269 single-family homes, 1,168 town homes, and 102 condominium units. Dulles is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, with ZIP code 20166. The headquarters of Orbital ATK (on Warp Drive), ODIN Technologies, the former headquarters of MCI Inc., and AOL are located in Dulles. Potomac Falls is a part of Sterling with the ZIP code of 20165, bordering Maryland. It contains the census-designated places of Countryside, Cascade, and Lowes Island. While newer residents use the city address "PotomAC Falls, VA", the post office will recognize either " potomac falls" or "Sterling, VA" as a correct mailing address. Sterling Park is home to three 18-hole golf courses and the Potamac Falls High School Panthers. The land where Sterling Park was built was mainly made up of a few large farms, until construction of Dulles International Airport began in 1959. In 1961, land prices began to rise for 1,762 acres (713 ha) that now make up Sterling Park for $2115,861. Construction of Sterling Park began in 1961.

Economy

Sterling is home to many businesses and also serves as branch offices for many major companies. According to Manta, the following companies, with annual revenues of $20 million or more, have headquarters in Sterling: Neustar and Electronic Instrumentation and Technology. Federal agencies with offices in Sterling include U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, and the Drug Enforcement Administration. At one time, Atlantic Coast Airlines had its HQ in Sterling. The city is located on the Potomac River, which flows into the James River. It is located in the Shenandoah Valley, which runs into the Blue Ridge Mountains, which run into the Eastern Seaboard. The town has a population of 1.2 million. The population of Sterling was 1.3 million in the year 2000, and is expected to reach 1.4 million by the end of the year. It has an estimated population of 2.5 million, which is about the same as the population of Washington, D.C. at the time of the last census in 2000. It also has a total number of employees of over 1,000 or more. The largest company in Sterling is Alcatel-Lucent, which has more than 1,200 employees. It was founded in 1996. The company is based in Virginia and has offices in Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, DC. The Sterling area is also home to a number of smaller businesses, such as HR Solutions LLC, M.C Dean, Inc., and Orbital Science.

Education

Sterling is home to three public high schools serving grades 9-12. There are also twelve public elementary schools serving PK-5. Northern Virginia Community College has a Loudoun campus. The George Washington University has its Virginia Science and Technology Campus, established in 1991. The Sterling area is located on the eastern edge of Loudoun County, in the northern part of the county. It is located near the border with Frederick County, Maryland, on the western edge of Frederick County. The town has a population of about 3,000 people (as of the 2010 census) with a population growth rate of 1.7% in the last five years. The population of Sterling has grown by 1.8% since the start of the 2011-2012 school year. The city has an estimated population of 3,500 people (as of the 2013-2014 school year). The population growthrate has been 1.9% in that period. It has also had a population decline of 2.1% since 2007. The largest percentage of the population is from Sterling, which has a total population of 4,715 people (or 1.2% of the city's population). The town's population has declined by 2.3% since 2008. It also has an unemployment rate of 0.7%. The town is located in the southern part of Virginia, near the borders with Frederick and Frederick counties, and the northern border with Maryland, which have a total of 2,816 people (or 1.4% of its population).

Transportation

The main arterial roads serving Sterling are Route 28, West Church Road, South Sterling Boulevard, Leesburg Pike, Algonkian Parkway, Potomac View Road, Waxpool Road, and Cascades Parkway. Route 28 is the main artery serving the city of Sterling, Virginia. The main road serving Sterling is Route 28 and the main road for the city is Route 28, West Church Road, South Sterling Boulevard, and South Sterling Boulevard. It is also known as the "Main Street of Sterling" because it runs through the center of the city. The city also has a number of smaller roads that serve the city, such as Route 27, Route 31, and Route 32. The town's main street is the "Little River" and is known as "The Little River" because of its location near the Little River River. It also has several smaller roads, including Route 28 and West Church Road, which serve the town's south side, and the "Middle River" and "Waxpool Road," which serve the north side. The "Little River and Wax Roads" are the main roads serving the town, and are also known as "The Middle River and Wespool Road" and "The Middle River and The South River" respectively. The Main River and the South River are the only two main roads for the town of Sterling.

Recreation

Claude Moore Park occupies 357 acres (144 ha) in Sterling. The last known undeveloped section of the historic Vestal's Gap Road runs across the park. George Washington used the road frequently in his travels between Mount Vernon and the western frontier. The sportplex includes baseball and softball fields and the nature area includes hiking trails. Sterling offers the following parks and clubs as recreational areas: Algonkian Regional Park, Dulles Golf Center & Sports Park, and Sterling Golf Club.

Public works and services

Sterling Volunteer Fire Company and Sterling Volunteer Rescue Squad are non-governmental 501(c) non-profit organizations. The Loudoun County Sheriff's Office and the Virginia State Police provide law enforcement. The Sterling Fire and Rescue System has three stations: one in Sterling Park, one in Potomac Falls, and one in Kincora at the northern end of Pacific Boulevard. The fire and rescue system is part of the Loudoun-Phenix City Combined Fire & Rescue System, which also has two stations in Pheonix. The system is a joint effort of the City of Sterling and the County of Loudoun. The county's fire department is based at the Sterling Fire Station, which is located on the north side of Sterling Park. The department also has a fire station in the town of Potomacs Falls, on the south side of the town. The town's fire station is located at the north end of the city on the west side of Pacific Blvd, at the southern end of Kincorra Road. It is the only fire station on the county's west side. It also provides technical rescue and emergency medical services for the county. The agency also provides fire protection for the town's residents. The sheriff's office provides law enforcement for the area. The state police provide the local police force for the region, which includes Sterling Park and PotomAC Falls, as well as the Town of Phenix Falls. The Virginia Department of Health and Human Services provides health care services to the community.

  • Sterling's population in Loudoun County, Virginia of 3,193 residents in 1900 has increased 3,16-fold to 10,105 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

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